A Betting Round
All poker games are composed of a series of betting
rounds, with additional cards being dealt between rounds. The rules
of the game determine which player begins the round of betting and the
value of minimum and maximum bets. Each time a player acts, the
player to their left acts next (as in most games). On their turn,
each player may take one of the following actions:
Folding abandons the player's claim to the pot. They return their
cards to the dealer, do not receive any further cards, and are out of
play until the next hand.
If a player has an excellent hand, they want to make the pot as large
as possible. They may raise the current bet, forcing all other
players to meet the bet or fold. This is called “betting” if there
haven't been any bets yet this round, and “raising” if the player is
increasing the bet or raise placed by another player.
If a player has a decent hand, they may want to continue for a chance
to win, but pay out as little as possible. In this case, they must
match the current bet. If there haven't been any bets yet this round,
this is a free action and called “checking”. If there have been bets,
this is called “calling”.
- Going All-In
- If a player does not have enough money for a
bet, raise, or call, they can stay in the hand by “going all-in”.
They push all of their chips into the pot and do not participate in
betting for the remainder of the hand. However, if they have the best
hand at the showdown, they can only win as much as they have called.
Any further bets go into a separate pot which is awarded to the player
with the second-best hand. If the all-in player loses, the player
with the best hand takes both pots.
The betting round ends when every player has
acted in response to the most recent bet.